improved varieties of brinjal

Plants are medium in height; fruits are oval in shape and violet in colour. Brinjal - Arka Unnathi. Transplanting of the seedlings is done in the morning and evening, hours. Getting repeated bumper output with lucrative price during The hand gloves are used for picking of berries due to thorny leaves. During rainy season the small seedlings of musli are found naturally in the forests areas. Spaniards brought eggplant with them to the New World, and by the early 1800’s, both white and purple varieties were growing in American gardens. 10. Flowers 2-3 in cymes, axillary and terminal clusters. Four Bt eggplant varieties - BARI Bt Eggplant-1, BARI Bt Eggplant-2, BARI Bt Eggplant-3 and BARI Bt Eggplant-4 are started to cultivate in Bangladesh in 2014 as first genetically engineered crop in the country. Egg-shaped, spiny, purple coloured fruits with white stripes borne mostly singly or occasionally in pairs. it is an errect branched under shurb up to 45-80 cm in height, covered with stellate tomentum leaves 5-10 × 2.5 to 5.00 cm ovate with 6 to 13 mm long petiole. The plants were engineered to resist the fruit and shoot borer, a devastating insect whose larvae bore into the stem and fruit of an eggplant. Developed by selection from a local germplasm collected from village Manjari near Pune and released by the Department of Agriculture, in 1965 for Western Maharashtra, Plants are medium tall and spreading, spines on leaves, mid­ribs and peduncle the fruits. Yield: 34-36 t/ha. We report on the first replicated field trials comparing four Bt brinjal varieties to their non-Bt isolines, with and without standard insecticide spray regimes. Release of Cold tolerant variety, TRC- BORODHAN- 1: Identification/ Development of Rice varieties viz. After sowing light irrigation is applied. And now it is cultivated all over the world. We also identify which varieties are best for field, greenhouse, and container production. Manjari gota, Pusa purple round, Pusa purple long, Pusa purple Cluster, Pusa kranti, Pragati, Aruna, ABV-1, ABH-1. (PKV, Akola). Scientists inserted a gene from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (thus the name, Bt) into nine brinjal varieties. The variety is known for its fruit quality and its tolerance to major insects and diseases. The fruits of this variety are round and firm with a pericarp thickness ofn6-6.5mm and an average fruit weight of 90-115 g in the initial three pickings. It gives about 10 per cent higher yield than Manjari Gota. Bangladesh After 7 years of field and greenhouse trials in various locations, Bangladesh became the first country in the world to approve the commercial planting of Bt brinjal, which started in 2014. The leaves and seeds are also having medicinal property to cure carbuncles, inflammation and swellings and seeds as diuretic. A progressive farmer, Leela Ram Sahu (59), has improved and conserved a good quality traditional brinjal variety and has been maintaining the purity by adopting mass selection breeding method. Normally, fruits are tender and free from bitter fundamentals with seed maturity. As trade routes opened, eggplant was introduced to Europe by Arabs and transported to Africa by the … Truth: Bt brinjal varieties are not new varieties— they are the same as the old varieties that farmers prefer, except that they have genes that mean it can resist insect pest attack. Science news straight from the source. Fruits are very long, light green in colour and the yield is around 45-47 tones/ha in a crop duration of 115 days. RANGPUR: Like in many other char areas of Rangpur agriculture region, local farmers are hoping for better profits from cultivation of early varieties of brinjal on char lands in Phulbari upazila of Kurigram during this Kharip-2 season. The fruits are borne singly or in twos below the leaves. A large number of cultivars and improved varieties differing in size, shape and colour of fruits are grown in India. Brinjal, also known as eggplant, is one of the most important, inexpensive and popular vegetable crops grown in Bangladesh. Take good care while choosing the pot for growing this veggie. Besides, the fruits are dark purple, glossy, and oval. Ranging from three to eight inches in length, the graffiti eggplant is aptly named, … Four varieties of Bt brinjal were approved for release on October 30, 2013 in time for the 2013-2014 growing season. Requirements for Growing Brinjals in Pots. Medicinal Uses The seed husk is the commercial part and is separated by physical process. Seeds are pinkish-gray brown, translucent and concavo-convex. Farmers (किसान) All Products (सभी उत्पाद) Seeds (बीज) Fertilizers (खाद्य) Growth Promoters (ग्रोथ प्रोमोटर) Good colour retention. Kaur and Dhatt 2017 also screened some cultivated and wild brinjal germplasm for resistance against M. Incognita. Eggplants come in many exciting varieties producing different sizes, shapes and colors. Eggplant (also known as brinjal, aubergine, melanzane or berenjena), is an economically important vegetable crop of tropical and subtropical zones and their cultivars produce wide fruit diversity with different shapes, sizes and colors (Salunkhe and Desai, 1984, Kashyap et al., 2003, George, 2009, Knapp et al., 2013, Mishra et al., 2013, Uthumporn et al., 2015, San José et al., 2016) (). The roots possess high alkaloid concentration (1.7-3.0%). It has an errect stem with flexible long branches bearing leaves. The plant also contains glycosides, act as an inter, Common Name : Sanai,Marknadi,Sonamukhi and Sana Botanical Name : Cassia angustifolia Vahl. Dunal Family : Solanaceae It is found throughout drier parts of India. Position. it is a cross pollinated having fruits of 6.00 mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity. “Bt brinjal,” a genetically engineered variety of eggplant, provides effective protection against the devastating eggplant fruit and shoot borer (FSB) without the application of … It is also used as flavoring agent in Tobacco products like zarda. 'https:' : 'http:') + '//contextual.media.net/nmedianet.js?cid=8CUK174WD' + (isSSL ? This variety commonly grows in Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, and Punjab. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. Fruits are bome in cluster with spines on fruits, leaves and stem. Developed by employing pure line selection. The husk (epicarp) is used against constipation, irritation, Common Name : Sadaphuli, Sadabahar,Baramahi Botanical Name : Catharanthus roseus (G.) DON Family : Apocynaceae Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus (G) Don) is a perennial herb having height of 30-90 cm. Muskmelon: Development of improved varieties/hybrids: Screening of germplasm varieties/hybrids for resistance to fungal, viral diseases, nematodes and insect-pest. For plantation, the field is thoroughly prepared by means of ploughing and harrowing's. by Sheela Prakash. Usually seed known commercial seed products are Ambrette concrete, absolute, oil and tincture. Brinjal is also known as aubergine or eggplant in some places. document.write(''); The biggest constraint to brinjal production is the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB). The genus Chlorophytum consists of more than 300 species in the world, only 1 3 are available in India. Populations of leaf-eating beetles, mites and mealy or leaf wing bugs were lower in Bt brinjal than the … Eggplant grown in temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden after all danger of frost has passed. Brinjal is among the most widely available and consumed vegetables in India, after potato, onion and tomato. Screening of germplasm varieties/hybrids for resistance to fungal, viral diseases, nematodes and insect-pest is for... For about 1.4 million farmers, planted 2 to 3 times in a crop of! Are large ; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 per cent higher than! Hence it should be properly dried picking of berries due to thorny leaves no serious insect / pest attack noticed..., Bhatai, Hingana Dorala, Gulabi Dorala to protect woolen garments against moths and improved varieties the! 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