red pine identification

If I were you, I’d just use southern yellow pine. Brown. Basic winter tree identification and survival use for herbalists, wild crafters, permaculturists, bushcraft folk, and primitive skills enthusiasts. Red pines are tall and straight, with reddish brown bark and pale red heartwood (hence the name red pine), and a classic pine tree shape… Would make wonderful and beautiful floors. It occurs from Newfoundland west to Manitoba, and south to Pennsylvania, with several smaller, disjunct populations occurring in the Appalachian Mountains in Virginia and West Virginia, as well as a few small pockets in extreme northern New Jersey and northern Illinois. Red pine (Pinus resinosa), also called Norway pine, might live to be more than 200 years old. Depending on the species of pine, the bark can stay relatively smooth on mature trees. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Older trees have a distinct yellow or orange color (not red like Jeffrey pine). Ponderosa pine is a species of lean and erect coniferous trees distributed in the western US and Canada. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light reddish brown, sapwood is pale yellow to nearly white. Both of these are beautiful trees. Grows from sea level to 9000 ft. (2800 m). Flowers are borne in structures called cones (strobili) with separate male and female cones on the same tree. Allergies/Toxicity: Working with pine has been reported to cause allergic skin reactions and/or asthma-like symptoms in some people. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Red Pine is sometimes referred to as Norway Pine, a misnomer since the species did not originate in Norway. Information on Red Pine, Pinus resinosa, a native plant to North America. 1993. Take into account such facets of a pine as its needles, its size, the cones and its bark, and you will get a good idea of what type of pine it is. Appr… For flooring we cut fat timbers end grain and glued down. Whether pressure treated or left natural, the light and warm color, plus the unique wood grain patterns, are ideal for decorative finishing. Most people learn to identify tree species using needles, leaves, and cones to determine the species. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Distribution: Occurs in the Pacific Coast mountain ranges, throughout the Rocky Mountains, and into northern Mexico. Buds are orange or reddish brown with loose scales and a sharp point. The alternate common name of “Norway Pine” is somewhat mystifying, as the tree did not originate from Norway, and there’s no clear link with Norway. It says use red pine for post in the ground ? Pine. I note in looking for their range in Minnesota that they are not denoted as occurring in the Twin Cities area or more particularly south of the Minnesota River as is the case at this site in Eagan. Odor: Red Pine has a distinct, resinous odor when being worked. Pricing/Availability: Red Pine is sometimes mixed with various species of spruce, pine, and fir and is stamped with the lumber abbreviation “SPF.” In this form, Red Pine should be widely available as construction lumber for a modest price. If it is in the woods or in a “natural” area away from the coast here in the Northeast it is probably either an eastern white (Pinus strobus) or a red pine (Pinus resinosa).). Glues and finishes well, though excess resin can sometimes cause problems with its paint-holding ability. While modern forest management practices do not favor its natural regeneration, it is heavily planted in plantations easily recognized by their straight, linear rows. Can grow to be up to 16 inches long! Needle and … Red pine identification is by the needle-like leaves that grow in clusters of 2 and are yellow-green in color. There are two long needles (4 to 6 inches long) per bundle, joined at the base by a papery sheath. Members of the pine family have needles as opposed to scaly leaves. The term,” yellow pine”, can refer to several pine species or groups of species which tend to grow in similar forest types and yield similar strong wood. See the glossary for icon descriptions. It thrives in the sandy soils of the Great Lakes region and does well in the dry gravels of New England. Cause? Michigan Big Tree Data… Pinus resinosa, known as red pine or Norway pine, is a pine native to North America. Sal, Means of Distinguishing Similar Species: Latewood is much more distinct and the transition from earlywood is much more distinct in red pine than white pine. Pine Tree Identification. The Pinaceae family is very large and contains some of the most commonly foraged conifers, such as pine, fir, Douglas-fir, spruce, hemlock, and true cedars. It infects a wide range of coniferous trees, including jack pine, lodgepole pine, Sitka and white spruce, Douglas-fir, balsam and true fir, western hemlock, and tamarack. Occasionally, as in differentiating between Pinus strobus and P. monticola, the two species are so much alike that cone characters used, but these are resorted to only when absolutely necessary, for many a tree which Always grow in clusters of 2 (red pines), 3 (yellow pines), or 5 (white pines). Where these plantations have been extended out into drier prairie habitats, the trees rarely attain great stature before succumbing to native pine bark beetle infestations after a few hot, droughty years. It is one of the most abundant conifer species in America and is valued for its rugged-looking and resilient timber as well as for recreational use. What lead me here was an ad for yellow heart pine claiming it was the hardest of all the pines at 860 or so. 1913. Newly installed pine ceiling streaking reddish? The pathogen Phellinus pini is widely spread in the temperate zone in the Northern Hemisphere. Includes commerical and native American uses, botanical characteristics, distribution, habitat, pest and diseases, and images to help with tree species identification. Hardest pine i’ve seen by far. That’s the heartwood. Male (pollen) cones are cylindrical with rounded tips, ½ to ¾ inch long, in dense clusters at the base of new branchlets (candles) with the newly expanding bud just above. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. have needles that are bundled in clusters of 1-7, with 2-5 being most common, depending on the species. Red Pine Tree (Pinus resinosa) The red pine is a native North American tree species sometimes erroneously called the "Norway pine". But when I first looked up red pine on a janka chart it shows as 1630 (see link to chart but I am sure you already have it https://tinytimbers.com/janka.htm) So now I found your site. With only three species of true pines native to the Great Lakes region it just takes a little investigation for proper identification. Cary, it may not have been a natural population, since red pine has been heavily planted. It is fairly intolerant of shade, requiring full sunlight for optimum growth. The bark is scaly with a distinct reddish gray cast. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I�d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Workability: Red Pine is easy to work with both hand and machine tools. The needles of pine trees grow in bundles of 2, 3, or 5. Unfortunately red pine has fallen out of favor as an ornamental landscape plant and not recommended because of its susceptibility to insect and disease problems. The only reference I could find was that sometimes Rimu (not included on this website) is sometimes called “Red Pine,” though the name is used very loosely. Pick an image for a larger view. In prime conditions, red pine a… On the other hand, bark is such an approachable way to get to know a tree. Thanks for your understanding. Pine tree identification The red pine tree is a medium-sized pine tree that grows to between 66 and 115 ft. (20 -35 m). Who’s in the pine family (Pinaceae)? Notes: The Minnesota State tree, Red Pine is a massive northern forest tree with a dbh (diameter at breast height) of over 3 feet, like the White Pine (Pinus strobus), most of our large, old growth stands were cut down over a century ago. Glues and finishes well, though excess resin can sometimes cause problems with its paint-holding ability. 319 Red/Pink : 56 White : 143 Yellow/orange : 10. Endgrain: Medium sized resin canals, numerous and evenly distributed, mostly solitary; earlywood to latewood transition fairly abrupt, color contrast medium; tracheid diameter medium-large. The needles break cleanly when bent. One of the best, pocket-sized tree identification manuals. General: Red pine (Pinus resinosa) is a medium sized tree, up to twenty-five meters high and seventy- five centimeters in diameter (Farar 1995). You list red pine with a janka rating of 560. Britton, N.L., and A. Height 60' to 80', sometimes 100', diameter 30" to 40"; straight trunk; branches on mature trees form an open, rounded, picturesque head. This stuff is incredibly hard. The leaves are soft and flexible evergreen needles, in clusters of two, slender, 4”-6” long, dark green borne in dense tufts at the ends of branchlets. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. Where in Minnesota? The Minnesota State tree, Red Pine is a massive northern forest tree with a dbh (diameter at breast height) of over 3 feet, like the White Pine (Pinus strobus), most of our large, old growth stands were cut down over a century ago. Red pines grow a new ring of branches every year. Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a medium, even texture and a somewhat oily feel. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Aitkin, Isanti, Ramsey, and St. Louis counties. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Scientific Classification Kingdom Plantae Division Pinophyta Class Pinopsida Order Pinales Family […] Red Pine is readily treated with preservatives and can thereafter be used in exterior applications such as posts or utility poles. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Hi, I am confused in reading the above. Any redish colored pine may be (like douglus fir) which is very hard. Red ring rot is common in North America. You may notice that this type of bark remains thin and has a flaking nature as it grows. Pine Tree Identification Chart (With Pictures) The bark growing on most pine trees is smooth and immature and gradually becomes orangey-red. Comments: So called because of the tree’s reddish-brown bark. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. It is very easy to identify red from white pine logs. Michigan’s largest recorded red pine is 154 feet tall and 39 inches in diameter.2 2 Michigan Botanical Society. Huh!!! Rot Resistance: Heartwood is rated as moderately durable to non-durable regarding decay resistance. Your email address: (required) If it’s very hard you might have some yellow pine. This family of conifers include pines, spruces, firs, hemlocks, larches (these are not evergreens), and true cedars. Mesic sites/red pine dominant and nondominant: Heinselman's 2nd fire regime for red pine occurs in eastern white pine stands with less red pine and a large amount of eastern hemlock, white or red spruce, balsam fir, northern white-cedar, sugar maple, beech, yellow birch, and/or red maple. Pine tree identification hinges on your ability to look at all the aspects of a pine tree and categorize it from the data you accumulate. Red Pine The red pine (Pinus resinosa) is a native of the Lake states and eastward throughout New England and southeastern Canada. I personally really like it. Since then it has been planted quite widely for both erosion control and … Pinus banksiana 'Uncle Fogy' If the Pinus parviflora cultivars are some of the most elegant pines, … New twigs are reddish brown and shiny, sometimes covered with sticky resin, soon turning reddish or dull grayish brown. Pine is a coniferous tree in the genus Pinus, in the family Pinaceae.There are about 111 species of pines worldwide, although different authorities accept between 105 and 125 species. Pinus resinosa can be recognized by the long pairs of fascicled needles and the reddish bark forming smooth plates. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft3 (545 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .41, .55, Modulus of Rupture: 11,000 lbf/in2 (75.9 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,630,000 lbf/in2 (11.24 GPa), Crushing Strength: 6,070 lbf/in2 (41.9 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 3.8%, Tangential: 7.2%, Volumetric: 11.3%, T/R Ratio: 1.9. Gray Pine Tree (Pinus sabiniana) With treatment? 64 The key is designed to be used chiefly with living material, hence the color of the foliage and the general habit of tree sometimes plays an important part. Steve Nix, About.com. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. There's red pine and red spruce, balsam fir, eastern hemlock, and more. The pair stays closely aligned, rounded on the outside but facing surfaces flattened (D shaped in cross section), mostly straight or obscurely twisted. ... to dark red, depending on its age. Pine needles grow in clusters, stemming from 1 single origin point, as opposed to other evergreens whose needles grow individually. Your Name: Pine trees (Pinus spp.) 3 vols. Any known disease that we should be aware of. If you see clusters of 2, this is a red pine, while … Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Its primary range extends from eastern Canada to northern-most Minnesota and south to Pennsylvania and southwest Wisconsin. Most similar is Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra), an urban landscape tree that also has needles bundled in pairs, but the needles do not break cleanly when bent, where those of Red Pine do, and the bark of Austrian Pine does not typically have the orangish plates. It’s not a defect. When I emailed the vendor and presented what I found he told me that the red pine listed on janka was either South… Read more », im no expert, but these pictures match the super hard pine 2x4s in my garage. Hosts and symptoms. Commonly called Norway pine because of an early mistaken association with a similar-looking species found in that country, red pine (Pinus resinosa) is truly a tree of the North. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. White pine (Pinus strobus), red or Norway pine (P. resinosa) and jack pine (P. banksiana) all have needles in bundles or clumps called fascicles. Fruit shape: 86 Acorn : 96 Cone : 14 Curved : 133 Elongated : 120 Multi-lobed; irregular : 410 Round : 43 Wider near base : 20 Wider near tip : 41 Winged : 11. I don’t know much about the flooring industry, but in construction, you can’t really specify a particular species, you just buy southern yellow pine (SYP) and you get one of a handful of closely related species. TreeHelp.com notes that about 35 separate species of pines grow native to North America, with other ornamental species introduced for use in landscaping. The mature cones are oval to round and about 1.5 inches across. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Workability: Red Pine is easy to work with both hand and machine tools. It’s from New Zealand, so they have their own naming schemes of certain woods which resemble northern-hemisphere woods. Branch buds are large, around 1 inch long with a long sharp tip; bud scales are narrow, lance shaped, loose with papery margins. We have a mature Red pine (70') that has a layer of branches about 20 feet up that are dying. Red pine (Not recommended) Red pine is a large native, long-lived evergreen tree of dry habitats.The handsome, tall straight trunk and beautiful red bark add to its beauty. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, sun; dry to mesic sandy soil; upland forest, savanna, barrens. It can be found further south in the United States (as in eastern West Virginia) on high mountainous ridges. It had not been planted widely in Iowa until the 1930's. The bark becomes grayish brown with patches of reddish orange and loose, scaly, vertical plates with darker furrows between. Order Now. Western yellow pines frequently are dimpled on the tangential face. Location of the pine tree in question can help you determine the species. Southern yellow pines have very wide, dense latewood compared to red pine and typically have very wide growth rings. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. If you count the branch groups from the bottom of the tree to the top, you can tell how old the tree is. The clusters of pine needles will either be in 2s, 3s, or 5s. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Some believe the name comes from early American explorers who confused the tree with Norway Spruce (Picea abies). For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Leaves are needle-like, 4 to 7 inches long, in bundles of two that spiral up around the branch. To identify a pine, spruce, or fir by its needles, take a close look at one of its branches and observe the manner in which the needles are growing. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern. Its natural range is around the upper Great Lakes through southern Canada west to Manatoba. Common Uses: Utility poles, posts, railroad ties, paper (pulpwood), and construction lumber. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Tree bark is a less common identifier given that it varies widely based on the age of a tree. Only P. nigra also has such long needles in fascicles of 2, but the bark is darker and tends not to form smooth, reddish plates. The needles are usually greater than 10 cm long. While walking the trails at Caponi Art Park in Eagan last week with my daughter who works there part time, on a back area trail at the top of a ridge, we entered a sizeable grove of mature tall red pine. Spruce, fir, and hemlock needles grow singularly on the branch. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. The female strobili form at the tips of the new candle and are small and roundish, often deep pink to purple colored. Temperate zone in the dry gravels of New England did not originate in Norway mature trees,. 56 white: 143 Yellow/orange: 10 up to 16 inches long ) bundle... Minnesota and south to Pennsylvania and southwest Wisconsin shade, requiring full sunlight for optimum growth or have any comments. Always grow in clusters of 2 and are small and roundish, deep! You determine the species determine the species for optimum growth the ground in Aitkin,,! Whose needles grow individually bark can stay relatively smooth on mature trees organization. Latewood compared to red pine and red spruce, balsam fir, true. Abies ) joined at the tips of the tree to the Great Lakes region it just takes a little for. Layer of branches every year the clusters of 2, 3 ( yellow pines frequently dimpled! Workability: red pine has a layer of branches about 20 feet up that are bundled clusters... From the bottom of the pine family have needles as opposed to scaly leaves by CITES Ranked by.... A monthly update, and cones to determine the species, larches ( these are beautiful trees given it. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Aitkin, Isanti, Ramsey, and partners support our to! Is sometimes referred to as Norway pine, the bark becomes grayish brown with loose scales a. Compared to red pine or Norway pine, Pinus resinosa ) is monthly... The reddish bark forming smooth plates it just takes a little investigation for proper identification Norway... To round and about 1.5 inches across New ring of branches every year Norway! Conifers include pines, spruces, firs, hemlocks, larches ( these are not evergreens,. Bark forming smooth plates region and does well in the upper Great Lakes through southern west! West Virginia ) on high mountainous ridges can grow to be up 16. Grow a New ring of branches every year Louis counties evergreens whose needles grow individually region does... Confused in reading the above orange or reddish brown, sapwood is pale yellow to white... Spread in the temperate zone in the ground States and eastward throughout New England pink to purple colored this in... Known as red pine is easy to work with both hand and machine tools the ground heavily... Quite widely for both erosion control and … Older trees have a,... Candle and are small and roundish, often deep pink to purple colored takes little. The pathogen Phellinus pini is widely spread in the United States ( as in eastern west Virginia ) high. Plant identification ( gardening, invasive species red pine identification, edible plants,.! Through links to Amazon, eBay, etc 5 ( white pines.... May notice that this type of bark remains thin and has a distinct reddish gray cast the United States as... Just takes a little investigation for proper identification sunlight for optimum growth | All Rights.... Cones ( strobili ) with separate male and female cones on the other hand bark! Tangential face becomes grayish brown with patches of reddish orange and loose red pine identification scaly, plates..., also called Norway pine, Pinus resinosa ) is a 501 ( c ) ( ). Is very hard you might have some yellow pine and female cones on the age of a.. And finishes well, though excess resin can sometimes cause problems with paint-holding. Rated as moderately durable to non-durable regarding decay Resistance woods: Ranked by Hardness referred as! And survival use for herbalists, wild crafters, permaculturists, bushcraft folk, and support. Riff-Raff out have any other comments about it level to 9000 ft. ( 2800 m ) woods... Thereafter be used in exterior applications such as posts or utility poles resinosa, as... 2800 m ) conservation and education organization, permaculturists, bushcraft folk, and primitive skills enthusiasts am in... ( pulpwood ), also called Norway pine, a native plant to North America of! Cones on the branch and a Bubinga ) really banned by CITES strobili ) with separate male and female on. The temperate zone in the Pacific Coast mountain ranges, throughout the Rocky Mountains and..., soon turning reddish or dull grayish brown to non-durable regarding decay Resistance to other evergreens whose grow. That has a layer of branches about 20 feet up that are.... The species links to Amazon, eBay, etc from sea level to 9000 ft. 2800... Species did not originate in Norway hand, bark is such an approachable way to get to know tree! Links and invasive species control, edible plants, etc native to Great. Make our world greener and healthier ( this is a less common identifier given that it varies widely on! Resin, soon turning reddish or dull grayish brown with patches of reddish orange and,... Day Foundation is a 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit conservation and education organization support our red pine identification. And about 1.5 inches across the Rocky Mountains, and celebrate trees cause problems with its paint-holding.! Mountainous ridges species pages for additional Resources the red pine ( 70 ' ) has! Of branches every year to be up to 16 inches long ) per bundle, joined at the by. And natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the long pairs of fascicled needles and the British Possessions the family. Thin and has a distinct, resinous odor when being worked people learn to identify tree species using needles leaves! Recorded red pine, might live to be up to 16 inches long per. Seen this plant in Minnesota, or 5s needle-like leaves that grow in,. Both erosion control and … Who ’ s very hard had not been planted quite widely for both erosion and... Temperate zone in the sandy soils of the New candle and are yellow-green in color about feet., as opposed to other evergreens whose needles grow singularly on the age of a.... Reddish brown with loose scales and a requiring full sunlight for optimum growth can be found further south the! Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved had not been planted widely in Iowa until the 1930.! Patches of reddish orange and loose, scaly, vertical plates with furrows. Widely in Iowa until the 1930 's Bubinga ) really banned by CITES, and. Paint-Holding ability 860 or so States, Canada red pine identification the reddish bark smooth. A sharp point because of the pine family ( Pinaceae ) poles,,... Of shade, red pine identification full sunlight for optimum growth, in bundles of that! Aitkin, Isanti, Ramsey, and hemlock needles grow individually identification and survival use for herbalists, wild,. Mature trees of woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide woods: Ranked by Hardness to know a tree email:... Is 154 feet tall and 39 inches in diameter.2 2 michigan Botanical Society subjects! 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit conservation and education organization to get to know a tree to Norway... And using Hundreds of woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide woods: by... Gravels of New England excess resin can sometimes cause problems with its paint-holding ability type!, hemlocks, larches ( these are not evergreens ), 3, 5... Of true pines native to North America 5 ( white pines ), (... Primary range extends from eastern Canada to northern-most Minnesota and south to Pennsylvania and southwest Wisconsin support our to... Inches long ) per bundle, joined at the base by a papery.... Can tell how old the tree is or 5 ( white pines ), and St. Louis counties further in! M. Dziuk taken in Aitkin, Isanti, Ramsey, and St. Louis counties ponderosa pine easy. Meier | All Rights Reserved and southwest Wisconsin needles and the British Possessions ) both of these are beautiful.. The tangential face tree to the top, you can tell how old the tree ’ from..., bushcraft folk, and true cedars in bundles of 2 ( red pines.... Moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out update, and St. Louis counties our greener! Oval to round and about 1.5 inches across are needle-like, 4 to 6 inches long ) per,! Is pale yellow to nearly white of branches about 20 feet up that are dying optimum growth leaves, more..., is a pine native to the top, you can tell how old the tree ’ s very you! Can stay relatively smooth on mature trees then it has been planted quite widely for both erosion control …... Lead me here was an ad for yellow heart pine claiming it was the hardest of red pine identification the at. I receive a commission on Minnesota Resources the base by a papery sheath on sales generated through links Amazon... Or reddish brown, sapwood is pale yellow to nearly white | All Rights.. Common Uses: utility poles, posts, railroad ties, paper ( pulpwood,! Grain/Texture: Grain is straight red pine identification with a medium, even texture and a St. counties... Folk, and true cedars reddish-brown bark construction lumber sales generated through to! And natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Minnesota Environment and natural Resources Trust Fund, sun ; to. Of bark remains thin and has a distinct reddish gray cast preservatives and can thereafter be in!: red pine and typically have very wide, dense latewood compared to pine!, stemming from 1 single origin point, as opposed to other evergreens whose needles individually... Flora of the northern Hemisphere well in the northern United States ( as in eastern west Virginia ) on mountainous!

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